Development of human resource is crucial for the industrial development of any nation. Up-gradation of skills is an important component of Human Resource Development. Training imparted in institutions alone is not sufficient for acquisition of skills and needs to be supplemented by training at the workplace. The Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the prime objective to utilize fully the facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view to meeting the requirements of skilled manpower for industry. Initially, the Act covered the apprenticeship training for the trade Apprentices and subsequently amended in 1973, 1986 and 2014 to bring the Graduates, Technician, Technician (Vocational) and Optional Trade Apprentices respectively under its purview.


Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the following objectives :-

  • To regulate the programme of training of apprentices in the industry so as  to conform to the syllabi, period of training etc. as laid  down by  the  Central   Apprenticeship Council; and
  • To utilise fully  the  facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view to  meeting the  requirements  of skilled manpower for industry.


  • Directorate General of Training under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship monitors the implementation of the Apprentices Act in respect of  Trade Apprentices in the Central Government  Undertakings &  Departments and establishments operating business 4 or more states through six Regional   Directorates    of Apprenticeship  Training (RDAT) located at   Chennai, Faridabad, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, & Mumbai.
  • State Apprenticeship Advisers are responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Trade Apprentices    in   State   Government   Undertakings/ Departments and Private Establishments.
  • Department of Education in the  Ministry of  Human Resource Development is responsible for  monitoring the implementation  of  the Act in respect of Graduate, Technician  &  Technician (Vocational) Apprentices. This monitoring is done   through four  Boards of Apprenticeship Training located at Chennai, Kanpur, Kolkata and Mumbai.


  • It is an apex statutory body.It is tripartite by constituion with members from Government both Central and States/UTs, Employers etc.
  • It advises the Government  on laying down of policies and prescribing norms & standards in respect of Apprenticeship Training.

Fields of apprenticeship training

Apprenticeship training can be provided to apprentices both in designated and optional trades.

(i)      Designated trade

          Designated trade means any trade or occupation as notified by the Government. 

(ii)     Optional trade

          Optional trade means any trade or occupation decided by an employer. 

Categories of apprentices

There are five categories of apprentices:

1.  Trade apprentices

2.  Graduate apprentices

3.  Technician apprentices

4.  Technician (Vocational) apprentices

5.  Optional trade apprentices


  • It is obligatory on the part of employers having manpower strength 40 or more and having requisite training infrastructure as laid down in the Act, to engage apprentices.
  • Employer shall engage of apprentices in a band of 2.5% to 10% of total manpower strength of the establishments including contractual staff.
  • The total engagements of apprentices in the band with of 2.5% to 10% include all categories of apprentices engaged by establishment.
  • The establishments /Employers can decide the categories of apprentices and trade(s) in which the apprentices to be engaged depending upon the facility available with them for imparting on-the- job training/ practical training at his workplace. 


  • The minimum rate of stipend per month payable to trade apprentices is as follows:

Stipend (Year wise)


Minimum Rate of Stipend

First Year

70% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.

Second Year

80% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.

Third & Fourth Year

90% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.

  • The expenditure on stipend for trade apprentices is borne by the employers.
  • The rates of stipend for Graduate, Technician & Technician (Vocational) apprentices are Rs. 4984 p.m., Rs. 3542 p.m. and Rs. 2758 p.m. respectively. (with effect from 19th December, 2014)
  • Expenditure on Stipend for the categories of Graduate, Technician & Technician (Vocational) apprentices is shared equally between the employer and the Central Government.



  • Minimum age is 14 years.
  • Qualifications vary from Class VIII pass to XII class pass (10+2) system.
  • Period of training varies from 6 months to 4 years.
  • Training comprises Basic Training and Practical Training followed by Related   Instructions   as   per prescribed syllabus for each trade.
  • 259 trades in 39 trade groups have been designated. 
  • Numbers of seats for apprentices are calculated in the band of 2.5% to 10% of the total strength of the workers.
  • Every apprentice and employer has to enter into a contract of apprenticeship training, which is registered by the Apprenticeship Advisers.
  • Employers and apprentices have to fulfill their obligations under the Act.



  • All India Trade Tests (AITT) for trade apprentices are conducted by National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT) twice a year ( October/ November and April/May).
  • National Apprenticeship Certificates (NAC) are awarded to those who pass the AITT.
  • NAC is recognized for employment under Govt./Semi-Government departments/ organizations.



  • With a view to fostering healthy competition among apprentices as well as establishments, skill competition is organized at local, regional & All India levels.
  • Skill competition is held for 15 trades namely;  Fitter, Machinist,  Turner, Welder (Gas & Electric), Electrician, Mechanic (Motor Vehicle), Tool  &  Die  Maker (Die & Moulds), Tool and Die Maker(Press Tool, Jigs & Fixture),  Instrument Mechanic,  Draughtsman  (Mechanical),  Mechanic Machine Tool  Maintenance, Wireman, Mechanic(Diesel), Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning Mechanic  and Electronics Mechanic.


Contact Us

Directorate Of Industrial Training    
4th & 5th Floor Labour Complex
PMG Junction                                       
Vikas Bhavan
Thiruvananthapuram - 690 533      
Email: detkerala@gmail.com
Ph: 0471 - 2303856