The Craftsman Training Scheme was introduced by government of India in 1950 to ensure a steady flow of skill workers in different trades for the domestic Industries, to raise quantitatively and qualitatively the Industrial production by systematic training, to reduce unemployment among the educated youth by providing them employable training, to cultivate and nurture a technical and industrial attitude in the minds of younger generation. The scheme, most important in the field of vocational training , has been shaping Craftsmen to meet the existing as well as future manpower need , through the vast network of ITIs' in the state. The day-to-day administration of ITIs' under the Craftsman Training Scheme was transferred to the State Government with effect from the year 1956.
National Council for Vocational Training
The government of India transferred the administration of ITIs' to the State Government concerned, while retaining the functions of coordinating Craftsman Training and laying down the training policy with it and the Director General of Employment and Training is looking after these functions. This decision has further accentuated the need for central agency for assisting or advising the Central Government in the discharge of responsibilities regarding Craftsman Training. It has accordingly been decided in consultation with the State Government to set-up a National Council for Vocational Training . Accordingly with a view to ensure and maintain uniformity in the standards of training all over the country, the National Council for Vocational Training, and advisory body, was set-up by the government of India in the year 1956. The council has been entrusted with responsibilities of prescribing the standards and curricula for Craftsman Training, Advising the Government of India on the overall policy and programme , conducting All India Trade Test and awarding National Trade Certificate. The National Council is chaired by Minister of Labour with members representing Central and State Government departments, employers and workers organisation, professional and learned bodies , AICTE , Schedule Cast and Schedule Tribe , All India Women Organisation etc. It is essential for all ITIs/ITCs to get affiliated to NCVT in each trade / unit before admitting the trainees.