Overview

AN OVERVIEW OF APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING SCHEME

BACKGROUND

Development of human resource is crucial for the industrial development   of any nation.  Upgradation  of skills is an important component of Human Resource Development. Training imparted in Institutions alone is not sufficient for acquisition of skills and needs to be supplemented by training in the actual work place.

OBJECTIVES

Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the following objectives :-

To regulate the programme of training of apprentices in the industry so as  to conform to the syllabi, period of training etc. as laid  down by  the  Central   Apprenticeship Council; and

To utilise fully  the  facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view to  meeting the  requirements  of skilled manpower    for industry.

EVOLUTION OF APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING SCHEME

  • National Apprenticeship Scheme started in 1959 on  Voluntary Basis.
  • Apprentices Act was enacted in 1961  and  implemented w.e.f.  1.3.1962.
  • Initially  the  Act  envisaged  training of Trade Apprentices.

The  Act  was amended in 1973 to include training of Graduate and Diploma Engineers as "Graduate" & "Technician" Apprentices.

The Act was further amended  in  1986  to  bring  within  its purview  the  training  of   the 10+2 vocational stream  as  "Technician  (Vocational)" Apprentices.

It was further amended in 1997 to amend various sections of the Act as regards definition of   “establishment” and “worker”, termination of apprenticeship contract, number of apprentices for a designated trade,   practical and basic training of   apprentices,    obligation of employers, penalty for contravening the provisions of the Act and cognizance of offences.

The Act was again amended in 2008 to amend various sections of the Act as regards reservation for candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes (OBCs), expenditure on related instruction shall be imparted at the cost of employer and the employer shall, when so required, afford all facilities for imparting such instructions and to provide flexibility in respect of ratios prescribed for apprenticeship seats.

MONITORING OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACT

DGE&T is also responsible for implementation of the Act in respect  of  Trade Apprentices in the Central Govt.  Undertakings & Departments. This is done through  six  Regional  Directorates  of Apprenticeship  Training  located at  Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kanpur & Faridabad.

State Apprenticeship  Advisers are responsible  for implementation of the Act  in  respect of  Trade Apprentices in State Government Undertakings/ Departments and Private Establishments.

Department of Education in the  Ministry of  HRD is responsible for  implementation of  the  Act in respect  of  Graduate, Technician  &  Technician (Vocational) Apprentices.  This is done  through four  Boards of Apprenticeship Training located at Kanpur, Kolkata , Mumbai & Chennai.

CENTRAL APPRENTICESHIP COUNCIL

It is an apex statutory body. It advises the Government  on laying down policies and prescribing norms & standards in respect of Apprenticeship Training Scheme(ATS).

It is tripartite  by constitution  with  members from Govt. both Central    and State/UTs, Employers & Trade Unions.

List of Designated Trades under the Apprentices Act, 1961

 

Contact Us

Directorate Of Industrial Training
4th & 5th Floor Labour Complex
PMG Junction
Vikas Bhavan
Thiruvananthapuram - 690 533
Email: detkerala@gmail.com
Ph: 0471 - 2303856